Who Are We?

The International Dacryology Society (ISD) was the earliest society founded in 1982 concerning the tears and lacrimal disease.

ISD was founded in 1982. It had periodic biennial congresses.

It is now known as the International Society of Dacryology and Dry Eye (ISD-DE) and now holds a biennial congress hosted in a different country each time.

ISD-DE unifies diverse scientists and clinicians concerned with the management of patients with watering and dry eyes arising from common conditions including blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction, those patients with degrees of lacrimal drainage dysfunction, nasolacrimal duct obstruction and nasal mucosal disease.

  • ISD-DE links primarily ophthalmic specialists interested in the ocular surface, external eye diseases and corneal diseases, with the oculoplastic and lacrimal ophthalmologists interested in the medicine and surgery of the orbit, lacrimal gland, eyelids and tear ducts, the lacrimal drainage apparatus and the inside mucosal lining of the nose.
  • ISD-DE is also for otolaryngologists interested in the medicine and surgery of the lacrimal drainage system and nasal mucosa.
  • Optometrists caring on a day to day basis for patients with wet and dry eyes will benefit from the ISD-DE and its events as they are often the first line in primary care for patients with watering or dry eyes.

ISD-DE is involved in teaching and dissemination of knowledge about wet and dry eyes.

The emphasis of the ISD-DE is to link the interested clinicians and researchers together via this website, via its forums, via the ISD-DE biennial international congress, via sponsored Teaching events and Symposia, combining the latest clinical and scientific advances from all over the world.

There is also an important reference area for patients and non-clinicians to learn more about watering and dry eyes.